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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  January 11, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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another u—turn on universal credit — the government's main welfare reform. it replaces six benefits... the work and pensions secretary amber rudd admits the new benefit is not compassionate or fair enough and needs changing. i want to make sure universal credit has enough flexibility to adapt to personal circumstances, particularly the needs of the most vulnerable. charities have broadly welcomed the changes — but labour say they don't go far enough. also tonight... andy, does that mean this might be your last tournament? andy murray breaks down as he says his hip injury means he'll have to retire this year. he's hoping to end his career at wimbledon, but isn't sure he will make it. i'm not sure i'm able to... to play through the pain, you know, for another four or five months. the nine—year—old who died after an asthma attack — her family win a major legal victory in theirfight to have air pollution recognised
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as the cause of her death. nine out of ten people are not eating enough fibre every day — despite the fact that it can reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes. music and he was homeless at the age 01:14 — now the rapper octavian has turned his life around and is following in the footsteps of adele and sam smith. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news — the leeds manager marcelo bielsa admits sending a spy to derby's training ground ahead of their championship match tonight. good evening. the work and pensions secretary, amber rudd, has admitted that the controversial new benefits system, universal credit, is not as "effective" or as "compassionate" as it should be.
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today, she unveiled a raft of changes to the system, which rolls six benefits into one. she has scrapped plans to cap benefits for households with more than two children born before april 2017. private landlords will be able to ask for rent to be paid to them directly from the government — to try to cut down on the number of claimants being evicted for not paying their rent. and a new system will be tested out — instead of receiving payments once a month, new claimants will be paid more frequently. our social affairs correspondent michael buchanan reports. it's almost as if we're made to feel bad that we are claiming this benefit, that we don't deserve this money. ten—year—old ben has spina bifida, his mum rebecca is his main carer, and he has a younger sister. his dad works in a local shop and is paid monthly. a design flaw with universal credit however makes budgeting impossible, says rebecca, who's a labour party member. sometimes he gets paid a day or two early if his payday falls on a weekend.
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they then think that he's been paid twice in a month and our universal credit is then altered, depending on that, so some months we get a really low amount and some months we get a really high amount. the high court today ruled the assessments were flawed. four women had sued the department for work and pensions saying the it problems in universal credit had cost them money. the government say they are considering this judgement but it could be hugely expensive. at a hearing last year they told the court that it could cost them hundreds of millions of pounds to solve this problem. the court's decision came on the day amber rudd set out her plans to reset the benefit, aiming for what she called a fairer, more compassionate system. a standard offer cannot work for everyone. people's work patterns, the pressures they face, theirfamilies, everyone‘s circumstances are unique. i want to make sure universal credit has enough flexibility to adapt to personal circumstances.
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particularly the needs of the most vulnerable. last month i met kevin wilmot, who owns 200 properties in hartlepool and hates universal credit. at this moment in time i would rather keep a house empty and pay the council tax than put somebody in who's not going pay the rent. today, amber rudd said she'd help him. private landlords will soon be able to have their rent paid directly to them, rather than relying on their universal credit tenants to pass it on. i'd be over the moon if they paid me direct. it would be a big help to start getting the rent paid direct to the landlord, because otherwise all of us are going to end up going under. charities and campaign groups have broadly welcomed today's changes, but labour says the government hasn't done enough. they want the roll—out of the benefit to be stopped, orfor people to be paid quicker when they initially apply. the idea that someone has to wait five weeks to receive any money — the policy has been designed by people who assume that everyone is paid monthly.
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lots of people aren't paid monthly. lots of people are paid weekly, and this is a government that's really out of touch with the lives of working people. universal credit has led to some people going to food banks, building up rent arrears orfacing eviction. such obvious problems are forcing the government to spend more money rescuing their flagship welfare change. michael buchanan, bbc news. our deputy political editor john pienaarjoins us now. amber rudd admitting there that the new benefit is not compassionate or fair enough. how much of a u—turn is this? we've seen amber rudd i think show that she wants to make a difference, or at least try to do that, and the clear sign of that was her saying that she wants to see an end to the benefit freeze next year. after so much government business and government policy has been swept off the stage by brexit, a lot of people might see it as a good idea
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to promise a more compassionate system, sarah, to women at a difficult time, it seems a long time ago since theresa may said she wa nted ago since theresa may said she wanted a fairer post brexit britain, amber rudd today suggesting she was to make that mission herrerin. but remember too there's no government majority in the house of commons, so getting the system through as it stood would have been difficult anyway. past delays have not made problems, all of them, go away, and the system will still be seen as harsh by critics and claimants, including families with more than two children in the future. so you can bet i think that amber rudd will find, idoubt can bet i think that amber rudd will find, i doubt this will surprise her, but it's easier to make promises of a fairer system, harder to make good on those promises and may be harder still to get much credit for the changes you make in the end. john pienaar, thank you. andy murray has broken down in tears at a news conference in melbourne as he announced that he will be retiring from tennis this year. the 31—year—old has been struggling to recoverfrom hip surgery 12 months ago, and says even basic things in everyday life like putting on socks and shoes are causing
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him severe pain. the three—time grand slam winner wants to compete for a final time at wimbledon this summer — but acknowledged that the pain he is in means that next week's australian open could be the final tournament of his career. our sports editor dan roan reports. one of the country's greatest sporting moments from arguably its greatest ever sportsman. commentator: the waiting is over! andy murray's historic wimbledon win six years ago enabled british tennis fans to dream again. but after so many triumphs, today came tears. the star becoming so emotional when discussing a chronic hip injury, it all got too much. murray managed to return. sorry. but when asked if the australian open might be his last tournament, his anguish became obvious. um, yeah, i think, i think there's a chance of that, yeah, for sure. um, yeah, there's a chance of that
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for sure, because, yeah, like i said, i'm not sure, i'm not sure i'm able to play through the pain, you know, for another four or five months. murray had been hoping to continue his recovery from surgery a year ago ahead of the season's first grand slam, but his inability to compete became clear when, visibly out of sorts, he cut short a practice match in melbourne, just hours later admitting the game was up. i said to my team, look, i think i can kind of get through this until wimbledon, that's where i'd like to... that's where i'd like to stop, stop playing. um, but i'm also not certain
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i'm able to do that. if this is the end, murray can retire with his head held high. three times a grand slam winner, his first success came at the us open before his defining victory in 2013, overcoming the weight of history to end britain's 77—year wait for a men's wimbledon champion. there were two olympic gold medals and he even inspired a tennis nation so often associated with failure to victory in the davis cup. commentator: great britain have done it. but the former number one's battle with his body proved too much. his time as a tennis player is coming to an end. when that will be we don't know, but i think it will be sooner rather than later, because seeing him in that frame of mind — i just can't see him going on too long. murray's record all the more remarkable given the era he played in, competing with and beating three of the greatest talents to ever play the game in roger federer, rafa nadal and novak djokovic.
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the pressures he's had to deal with, i'm not sure that any other athlete and or even team have had to deal with the pressures and expectations that he was under to achieve those grand slams. it was here on centre court that andy murray became that rarest of things — a british champion at wimbledon, not once, but twice, and in doing so achieved legendary status. it's become hard to imagine this place without him, but we now know he may never grace this court again. either way he'll be remembered for a lot more than just tennis. one of the first high profile tennis players to employ a female coach, murray consistently campaigned for equality in the sport. something he was praised for today, by one of the game's legendary figures, billiejean king, who called him a champion on and off the court. the incomparable andy murray. such was his popularity, murray the only person to win sports personality of the year three times.
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not bad for a boy with a dream from dunblane, who, through sheer hard work and talent went on to conquer the tennis world. inspirational, emotional, exceptional — british sport can only hope it will see his like again. dan roan, bbc news. 1,000 jobs could be cut at ford's plant in south wales, due to major restructuring plans. the factory currently employs 1,700 people, but it has a major contract with jaguar land rover to build engines, which is coming to an end. our wales correspondent sian lloyd is in bridgend for us this evening. if these cuts go ahead it will have a huge impact on bridgend. yes, there is great concern this evening because these are highly skilled jobs and this plant is a major employer in this area. there's been concern over the future of 1000 jobs expressed here by unions dating
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back to 2017, because contracts including one with jaguar land rover we re including one with jaguar land rover were due to be coming to an end. the company hadn't commented on that, but of course we have heard now they are confirming that they are restructuring their european operations. they haven't given details of that, but today, the gmb union is telling us it has been told that 990 jobs will be lost here by 2020, and tonight the bbc understands that ford is looking to cut 370 jobs here in the short—term as part of a first tranche ofjob losses will stop ford haven't confirmed this yet. they say they will make their restructuring plans public once they have consulted with unions and stakeholders, but for the workforce here, their families unions and stakeholders, but for the workforce here, theirfamilies and the local community, because so many jobs in this local economy depend on this plant, this is an extremely worrying time. thank you. president trump says he will not declare a national emergency — at least for now — as a way of ending his budget stand—off with congress. it's led to the partial shutdown of much of the us government.
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today, thousands of federal workers were not paid their monthly wages. the crisis began when democrats in congress refused mr trump's demand for almost $6 billion to build a border wall with mexico. the president retaliated — refusing to sign off funding for many government programmes. more than 800,000 federal workers are affected. many are on temporary leave, while emergency staff, including fbi agents and coastguards, are working without pay. it now looks set to become the longest government shutdown in us history. from washington, nick bryant reports. harvest time in the field of virginia, where farmers hit already by the trade war with beijing are now feeling the vice of the political war in washington. john boyd junior has been receiving federal subsidies to compensate for not being able to export his soy bean crops to china. a financial lifeline during difficult times, severed because of the shutdown. guess what?
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i don't need a damn wall. i need my money today. i need my money to plant my crop, i need my money to pay my labourer, i need my money to continue my farming operation. federal workers have mounted protests across the country, and today was supposed to be payday. but on social media, employees posted payslips showing they hadn't received a single dollar. a lot of things are working out well. to break the political deadlock, this billionaire president has warned he'll declare a national emergency. but he's not ready to take that extraordinary step yet. it's the easy way out, but congress should do this. this is too simple. it's too basic. and congress should do this. if they can't do it, if at some point theyjust can't do it, this is a 15—minute meeting. if they can't do it, i will declare a national emergency. invoking emergency powers
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could end the shutdown, because it would allow congress to pass spending bills without funding for the wall that democrats and republicans could both support. but the trump white house would be violating the norms of us government by spending money on the barrier without congressional approval. this constitutional showdown would inevitably be settled in the courts. but in the meantime, federal employees could return to work. heavenly father, we thank you for this time. we pray today for your wisdom, for your answers, for your help in the time of crisis... tonight at the white house they prayed for this norm—busting president. but now, he's paying reference to more earthly powers — the checks and balances of the us constitution. thank you, pastor, very much. i appreciate it. it was beautiful. and there are still those who want
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to declare this is a deal—breaker and have their chance in the courts, but maybe donald trump believes he can still win the political battle, and the democrats will still blink first, even though the polls suggest that many more americans blame him for the shutdown than his opponents. nick bryant, thank you. ella kissi—debrah was just nine years old when she died after suffering a severe asthma attack — one of many. she lived right next to one of london's busiest roads, the south circular, a notorious pollution hotspot. since her death six years ago, her family have argued that it was unlawful levels of pollution that triggered her asthma. now a ruling by the attorney general paves the way for a fresh inquest that could see air pollution officially recorded on a death certificate for the first time. our environment correspondent claire marshall reports. ella was a healthy baby, but as she got older
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she developed acute asthma. she was rushed to hospital almost 30 times in the three years before she died. she was breathing air so polluted that it broke legal limits. her home was just 25 metres from this road, london's south circular. her mother, rosamond, walked these choked streets with her to school. she's been campaigning for illegal air pollution to be put on her daughter's death certificate, and today, she's one huge step closer. in a rare move, the attorney general has looked at ella's case and will allow an application for the inquest to be reopened. it's great and it's the right decision. and now we can get to the bottom, really, of the health impact of air pollution on young people. key to this decision was new medical evidence that linked the harmful particles and chemicals in exhaust
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fumes directly to ella's death. this is the kind of air pollution at ella was exposed to. you can almost taste it. and the expert report showed that almost every time she was rushed to hospital, there had been a spike in illegal levels. and the night before she died, it had been particularly bad. human rights lawyerjocelyn cockburn has been representing the family. for me, this case gives an opportunity for those people in public office who are responsible for protecting our health and for providing clean air to be asked questions, to be held to account. air pollution in the uk has been described by a cross—party group of mps as a public health emergency. so, what were pollution levels like today? this is a monitoring device. we went out with a top expert on the streets of east london to test the air. these were the results.
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look at the spike when we get close to the heavy traffic. the government says it is taking concerted action, but is it enough? the movement is in the right direction. what i'm concerned about is, it's not fast enough. i'm interested in protecting children born in london, in birmingham and manchester today, not in ten to 15 years' time. so did air pollution help to kill ella? it's now down to the high court whether or not to allow a fresh look at all the evidence. claire marshall, bbc news. a saudi teenager whose efforts to avoid being sent back to her family gained worldwide attention has been granted asylum in canada. 18—year—old rahaf mohammed al-ounun said she feared being killed after publicly renouncing islam. she fled to thailand, refused to leave her hotel and took to twitter to avoid being deported. she's now left bangkok
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and is on her to canada. heavy snow is continuing to fall across large parts of europe, wreaking havoc, with many roads blocked, towns cut off and schools closed. seven people have been killed in the past week alone. this swiss hotel was completely engulfed with snow after being in the path of an avalanche. helicopters are also being used in parts of germany to remove heavy snow from trees, amid fears they may fall. in austria up to three metres of snow has fallen in recent days. as many as 4,000 civil servants are going to be moved from their usualjobs to prepare for a possible "no deal" brexit. staff at the ministry of defence and the department for education are among those who will be redeployed. they could be away from their normal posts for more than six months. most of us do not have enough fibre in our diet — despite the fact it reduces the chance of heart attacks, strokes, as well as type two diabetes. fibre is present in fruit, vegetables, wholegrain bread, pasta and grains like lentils.
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researchers advise eating 30 grams a day, but nine out of ten of us are failing to do that, as our medical correspondent fergus walsh now reports. it's the super—ingredient most of us don't get enough of. fibre. a landmark study in the lancet journal has confirmed that fibre in fruit, veg, whole grains, pulses and nuts has major health benefits. researchers analysed more than 200 studies and found a high—fibre diet significantly cut the risk of heart disease and stroke as well as bowel cancer and type 2 diabetes. the overall risk of death was reduced by at least 15%. adults should be aiming to eat 30 grams of fibre a day. the average in the uk isjust 18 grams. i don't think we eat as much fibre as we should do. whenever we shop and cook and things. i don't really think about fibre, to be honest. i would have no idea how many grams of fibre is in anything.
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so, yeah, it would be good to know. so how do you get your 30 grams of fibre a day? let's start with breakfast. two slices of wholemeal toast — 6.4 grams of fibre. more than double what you get in white bread. add to that a banana and you're nearly a third of the way there. or you could have some porridge plus fruit. at lunchtime, this meal has a whopping 21 grams of fibre. a baked potato with its skin on, some baked beans and a large apple. well, that's your recommended intake injust two meals. then, in the evening, you could have some wholewheat pasta, some pulses, like kidney beans, some wholegrain rice. don't forget the veg. each of these has three grams of fibre, and then a handful of unsalted nuts and you're getting all the roughage you need. around 9% of the population hit that 30 grams target. so a lot of us are quite deficient, really. and that's for a variety of reasons. but generally, if we were all to increase fruit and vegetable intake,
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getting fruits and vegetables at every meal and every snack, for most of us that would bump us up really significantly and really help decrease those risk factors. fibre is crucial for our digestive and overall health. those on popular low—carb diets may be missing out on this key ingredient. fergus walsh, bbc news. tributes have been paid to the bbc presenter dianne oxberry who has died suddenly after being diagnosed with cancer. she was 51. dianne worked a children's presenter on the 8.15 from manchester and also with simon mayo on his radio 1 show. in the 19905 she returned to manchester as a weather presenter and reporter on north west tonight where she was still working — among her admirers — the comedian peter kay. god love her! you have made it
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sunshine for everybody! the bbc presenter dianne oxberry — who has died suddenly at the age of 51. he became homeless at the age of 1a and for years lived on the streets and other people's sofas — but despite that he was always involved in music. now at the age of 23, octavian — a rapper — has just gained major recognition in the world of music. he's won bbc music's sound of 2019, an annual poll of music critics and industry figures. past winners include adele, sam smith and ellie goulding. our entertainment correspondent lizo mzimba reports. meet octavian. # say my name now, say my name... one of music's most exciting new talents. # i got bigger, i used to be little. # my belly got full, now i've got that meal. # they used to cuss, they used to diss. # now they ask me how i feel. unaware of what i was about to tell him.
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on the sound of 19 list, octavian, you are actually the winner. yeah, that's lit, that's lit, that's lit! that's lit, that's lit, that's lit! a year ago i was poor. i had no money. so to be nominated for the bbc sound poll and to win it, like... it's mad, it's mad! it's crazy, crazy! his sound of win means he now follows in the footsteps of previous winners, like sam smith... # won't you stay with me... # hello from the outside... ..and adele. it's all a huge change from octavian‘s teenage years, much of which he spent homeless on the streets of south london. it was very hard for me, i was very young. i didn't know where to sleep.
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i didn't know when my next meal was going to be. it was very hard for me, very difficult. and how has that influenced the music that you produce today? it's inspired me to make music about where i was at and inspire others to kind of follow my footsteps. his win means his music will reach a wider audience and potentially bring him even greater success throughout 2019 and beyond. lizo mzimba, bbc news. and that's it from us for tonight. here on bbc one, time for the news where you are. enjoy your weekend. goodnight. hello and welcome to sportsday. andy murray breaks down as he announces his retirement from tennis due to injury.
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he leaves as a three—time grand slam champion and one of britain's greatest ever sportsmen. and leeds boss marcelo bielsea admits sending someone to spy on derby ahead of tonight's match between the two clubs. hello. thanks forjoining us. it was always going to happen one day but the manner in which andy murray announced he'll be retiring from tennis was heartbreaking. after an illutrious career that's made him one of britain's greatest ever sportsmen, the former world number one steps down in pain, due to a hip injury — and in tears, ahead of the australian open in melbourne. our sports correspondent
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andy swiss has more. after so many triumphs, and day of tea rs. after so many triumphs, and day of tears. andy murray had hoped at this press c0 nfe re nce tears. andy murray had hoped at this press conference would be about his comeback. instead it was the opposite. so emotional he had to briefly leave. he did return but when asked when —— if the austrian open might be his last every tournament, the answer was even harder to watch. —— the australian open. yeah, ithink yeah, i think there is a chance of that for sure. yeah, there is a chance at that for sure because stomach yeah, like i said, i'm not sure... i'm not sure if!
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stomach yeah, like i said, i'm not sure... i'm not sure if i am able to play through the pain you know for another 11—5 months. play through the pain you know for another 4-5 months. that pain is from a long—standing hip injury, the result of relentless wear and tear. it was obvious that his last limited in appearance in 2017. a year ago he had surgery but the initial optimism faded and he now fears he will never play wimbledon again sub thereby said to my team that i think i can get through this until wimbledon. that is where i would like to... that's where i would like to stop and stop playing. but i'm also not certain i'm able to do that. but if the end is heartbreaking, what came before it was history making. one of the greatest careers british sport
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has ever seen. commentator: the waiting is over! the idea of a british man winning wimbledon seemed ridiculous until murray did it in 2013 and 2016. two olympic gold medals in tennis, murray somehow did that too. and in 2015 he inspired a tennis nation so often associated with failure with victory in the davis cup. so many highlights, so many memories. he is a once in a generation player for this country. and he has been pre—eminent. to unpick gold facade davis club, two of the four slams and in the two he didn't win, he was in the final of. i have had a go at this game. hats off. and he has done it all in the


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